Complex interventions

Interventions with several interacting components

Complex interventions are widely used in health research and are defined as interventions with several interacting components.  Interventions such as those delivered by physiotherapists, occupational therapists and other allied health professionals tend to be complex in nature which presents a number of challenges to their evaluation. The Centre for Rehabilitation Research in Oxford specialises in developing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions for patients with musculoskeletal conditions.  

To facilitate the implementation of research findings into practice it is essential that a detailed description of the intervention is available to clinicians. This also helps other researchers to replicate or build on previous research.  Professor Sallie Lamb has contributed to the development of the Better reporting of interventions: template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide.

More information about the TIDieR checklist and guide is available here. You can take a look at a short video introducing the TIDieR checklist here.

Examples of published intervention papers from RRIO are available here:

The Managing Injuries of Neck Trial (MINT)

Strengthening and stretching for rheumatoid arthritis of the hand (SARAH)

Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA)

Back Skills Training Trial (BeST)